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Changsha Rich Nonferrous Metals Co.,Ltd

Anhydrous Gallium(III) Chloride ( Gallium Trichloride), 99.99% Pure

Anhydrous Gallium(III) Chloride ( Gallium Trichloride), 99.99% Pure

Regular price $748.00
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125 in stock

Anhydrous Gallium Trichloride
Gallium(III) chloride
Purity: 99.99%+
Qty: 1kg / bag

1. Chemical information:

- Chemical formula: GaCl3
- Molecular weight: 176.0 g/mol
- Appearance: White crystalline solid powder
- Density: 2.47 g/cm³
- Melting point: 78.7 °C
- Boiling point: 201 °C
- Solubility: Soluble in water and organic solvents such as ethanol and ether

2. Physical and chemical properties:
- Gallium trichloride is an electron-deficient compound with Lewis acid properties, which can form coordination compounds with Lewis bases.
- In organic synthesis, gallium trichloride is commonly used as a catalyst to promote addition reactions of alkenes, alkylations, and other reactions.
- Gallium trichloride readily decomposes in the presence of water, producing hydrogen chloride and gallium oxide, and should be stored in a dry environment.
- Gallium trichloride is toxic and irritant, and should be handled with care.

3. Applications:
- Gallium trichloride is an important chemical raw material, widely used in semiconductor materials, coatings, catalysts, medicine, and other fields.
- In the semiconductor industry, gallium trichloride is used as a precursor in metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) to manufacture various semiconductor materials such as gallium nitride and gallium phosphide.
- Gallium trichloride is also used as a catalyst in many organic synthesis reactions, such as alkylations of alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, and addition reactions of alkenes.
- Additionally, gallium trichloride can be used to prepare other gallium compounds, such as gallium arsenide and gallium nitride.

In summary, gallium trichloride is an important chemical raw material with a wide range of applications. Its physical and chemical properties and diverse application areas provide a solid foundation for its use in the semiconductor, chemical, pharmaceutical, and other industries.
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